Friday, May 22, 2020
When Facing Sexual Harassment At Workplaces, What Options Do Employees Have? Ã¢â¬Å"Woman is the companion of man, gifted with equal mental capacities. She has the right to participate in very minutest detail in the activities of man and she has an equal right of freedom and liberty with him.Ã¢â¬ - M K Gandhi, 1933 After years of being encapsulated in lifestyles and mindsets, compulsorily associating existence with men, women have now stepped forth to break the shackles of inequality and gender dominance to earn their own independent identity. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the era where women think themselves capable of shouldering the professional responsibility at par with men, which they are efficiently proving right. Having said so, the point to ponder upon isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦State of Rajasthan and Others, delivered under the efficient aegis of HonÃ¢â¬â¢ble Justice J.S. Verma. It was in this case when Supreme Court explicitly defined Ã¢â¬ËSexual harassmentÃ¢â¬â¢ for the first time, as an unwelcome sexual gesture or behavior whether directly or indirectly as, sexually coloured remarks, physical contact and advances, showing pornography, a demand or request for sexual favours, and any other unwelcome physical, verbal/non-verbal conduct being sexual in nature. These guidelines covered women in governmental, private or organized sector who either drew regular salary, received an honorarium or worked voluntarily. It became incumbent on all organizations to incorporate policies to expressly prohibit sexual harassment and provide for appropriate remedies and penalties. The employment bodies had to provide congenial working environment in terms of security, leisure, health and hygiene in order to build an invulnerable working environment for men and women alike. However, the need for judiciary stepping into the shoes of legislature laying down guidelines in Vishakaha case arose as the moot question in term of necessity. With Article 21 of the Constitution providing for right to life which includes right to live with dignity and Indian Penal Code encompassing various provisions to cover the criminal offences of rape, sexual harassment and assault with rigorous corporal punishments, there is a needShow MoreRelatedWomen s Rights Of Women1657 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe right to vote in the 19th amendment, to the steadily increasing number of women in the workforce, great strides have been made for women in the United States to have the same rights and opportunities as men. While many things have been achieved over the years, challenges still remain for women in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s workplace such as the maternity protection, sexism, and sexual harassment. While the International Labor Organization (ILO) has been working to protect women in the workforce by providing maternityRead MoreThe Case Of Sexual Harassment Essay2341 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesnurse is facing allegations of sexual harassment reports CBC News. The story can be viewed on CBC website (www.cbc.ca/news/canada/saskatchewan/sask-nurse-marlon-gonzales-hearing-1.3765378). Sexual harassment is always an ongoing battle for individuals, and this new case may help those who are unaware of their right stand up and fight back. The of the co-workers (Jane Does) v. Marlon Gonzales presents the opportunity to interpret the legal processes necessary in determining a decision for sexual harassmentRead MoreBullying in the Workplace2514 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesBullying in the workplace is one of the most significant challenges facing companies today. According to the Waitt Institute for Violence Prevention nearly half (49%) of all workers in the United States have been a victim or witnes sed abusive behavior towards an employee (www.workplacebullying.org). Bullying in the workplace is similar to childhood bullying, but workplace bullies often operate within established policies of their companies. They commit deliberate acts against employees or co-workersRead MoreEssay about Critical Theory of Communication in Organizations1644 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesorganizationsÃ¢â¬â¢ health while increasing the representation of diverse human interests. He does this first by showing that corporations have become political as well as economic institutions. Deetz then employs advances in communication theory to point out how communication practices within a corporation can distort decision making. Finally, he outlines how workplaces can become more productive and democratic through communication reforms. Humanists feel that meanings are in people not words. DeetzRead MoreShould Female Contruction Workers Earn the Same Wages as Male2427 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesEver since women have been able to vote, there have been more rights for women everywhere in America. Somehow in construction working, women get lower paid than men. Should they be paid the same as men? The working area is the same, so why is it that women have lower payments because of their gender? This should be a new rule, for women have the same exact rights as men. Everyone is working the same, so why not? Finally, this can reduce women strikes. Working class women internalize their own oppressionRead MoreWomen Employment in India7222 Words Ã |Ã 29 Pagesand updates indicators on the situation of women in labor markets. This report reconfirms that gender inequality remains an issue within labor markets globally. Women suffer multiple disadvantages in terms of access to labor markets, and often do not have the same level of freedom as men to choose to work. Gender differences in labor force participation rates and unemployment rates are a persistent feature of global labor markets. In 2008, an estimated 6.3 per cent of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s female labor forceRead MoreNurses Are Constantly Facing Health Risks1926 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesNurses are constantly facing health risks every day they are at work. I feel as a student with goals set to become a nurse I should be fully aware of all the things that could potentially go wrong. I want to make sure I am knowledgeable about the nursing field, because I never would have thought injuries happen as often in the field of nursing today compared to decades ago when there was less machinery. The Department of LaborÃ¢â¬â¢s Bureau of Statistics (BLS) explains th at surveys show 35,000 back injuriesRead MoreCalculus Oaper13589 Words Ã |Ã 55 Pages Adrienne Rich s essay constitutes a powerful challenge to some of our least examined sexual assumptions. Rich turns all the familiar arguments on their heads: If the first erotic bond is to the mother, she asks, could not the natural sexual orientation of both men and women be toward women? Rich s radical questioning has been a major intellectual force in the general feminist reorientation to sexual matters in recent years, and her conception of a lesbian continuum sparked especially intenseRead MoreEquality Diversity Unit 1 NCF27061 Words Ã |Ã 29 Pagesand diversity in society Learning Outcomes 1. Understand what equality is 1.1: Describe what is meant by Ã¢â¬ËequalityÃ¢â¬â¢ 1.2: Define the following terms: Stereotyping Prejudice Labelling Protected characteristics Equal opportunity Positive action Discrimination Discrimination by association 1.3: Describe examples of equal opportunity in society 1.4: Describe examples of inequality within society 2. Understand what diversity is 2.1: Describe what is meant by Ã¢â¬ËdiversityÃ¢â¬â¢ 2.2: Identify diversity that existsRead MoreFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words Ã |Ã 1056 PagesChapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 STAFFING THE ORGANIZATION Human Resource Planning and Job Analysis 110 Recruiting 132 Foundations of Selection 154 PART 4 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT Socializing, Orienting, and Developing Employees 182 Managing Careers 208 PART 5 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 MAINTAINING HIGH PERFORMANCE Establishing the Performance Management System 230 Establishing Rewards and Pay Plans 260 Employee Benefits 286 Ensuring a Safe and Healthy
Friday, May 8, 2020
According to the Negro Holocaust, The United States has a brutal history of domestic violence, especially the violence committed against Negro citizens. Negro citizens have been victimized by racism, lynching, and beatings due to their inferior status. According to Ã¢â¬Å"Is Affirmative Action Fair?Ã¢â¬ there have been various practices motivated by racism such as slavery, job discrimination, and segregation. These practices have left African Americans with additional Ã¢â¬Å"negro problemsÃ¢â¬ correlating with the color of their skin. According to The skin Color Paradox and the American Racial Order, skin color is associated with an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s preference as well as their outcome. Although many African Americans try to overcome their struggles, according to Perceptions of and Preferences for Skin Color, Black Racial Identity, and Self- esteem Among African Americans, while many dark-complexioned African Americans view their skin color proudly, others are ambivalent and view their blackness as a Ã¢â¬Å"mark of oppressionÃ¢â¬ (Kardiner Ovesey, 1951). This Ã¢â¬Å"mark of oppressionÃ¢â¬ has come from the way African-Americans have been treated as a whole and throughout the various poems, we will understand exactly what it means to be an African-American. Throughout these poems, we are given the opportunity to witness the ignorance of the Black culture, the tedious roles performed by force as well as the crucial victimization and death. African American people are only visualized as a color that is aShow MoreRelatedIs Affirmative Action Fair1826 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesInformal Logic Is Affirmative Action Fair? Brian Addis August 23, 2010 Is Affirmative Action Fair? Affirmative action was created to increase the number of people from certain social groups in employment, education, business, government, and other areas (LaNoue, G., 2010). This policy is geared toward women, and minorities such as African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans, American Indians, and disabled people. Generally speaking, Affirmative Action was put intoRead More Is Affirmative Action Fair? Essay2381 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesIs Affirmative Action Fair? A black student has been waiting for that letter of acceptance from the college of her choice. She receives that letter and gets in. At the same time a female white student is also waiting for her letter of acceptance from that same college. The white student receives a rejection letter even though she had higher test scores and a better GPA than the black student. Was this fair to the students? Was it the best outcome for the country in the long run? Many minorityRead More Affirmative Action - Is it Fair? Essay764 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAffirmative Action - Is it Fair Affirmative action in theory and in thought is intended to promote the welfare of this countryÃ¢â¬â¢s minorities by supporting the idea that individuals are equal and should not be judged by race or sex. Therefore, in situations like job and university applications, we should consider minorities to be as feasible a choice for hire as a white male candidate, taking into consideration their background. In short, it tries to give minorities that have been at a disadvantageRead MoreEssay on Affirmative Action Policies912 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesimportance of implementing an affirmative action policy to assist in assuring that the company complies with equal employment opportunity laws. The department has decided that the best action is to contact the members of the board of directors. The Federal Government has passed several laws to prevent employment discrimination, and not complying with these laws can cause serious consequences. The purpose of equal employment opportunity laws are to assist in allowing the fair and nonbiased treatment ofRead MoreAffirmative Action Is Important For Society1649 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Affirmative action Affirmative action is an attempt to address past discriminatory injustices which may be based on gender, race or ethnicity. Affirmative action may take the form of policies and programs which are mostly mandated by governments and designed to bring changes in organizations, companies and educational institutions. Affirmative action is a vital tool which provides qualified people with equal access to educational or professional opportunities that they would otherwise have beenRead MoreAffirmative Action : Is It Really Necessary Today?1347 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesJavier Santana March 23, 2017 English 103 Affirmative Action, Affirmative action, it remains present today but is it really necessary in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society? Affirmative action is an action favoring those who have suffered from discrimination either past or presently. It was put in place at a time when it was absolutely necessary in society and it was to give people of color the same opportunities as the white majority, the intention was to become more open-minded as a country and inclusive of allRead More Affirmitive Action Essay1106 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Affirmative Action is the name given to programs that try to correct past and ongoing discriminations against women, racial minorities, and others in the work force and in education. The principal goal of Affirmative Action is to create more diversity and equal opportunities in jobs or schools that used to be all or mostly male, white, or both. Affirmative Action programs have been in place only a little over thirty years. Affirmative action works. There are thousands of examples of situations whereRead MoreAffirmative Action in Universities728 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAffirmative Action in University Admissions All across America, universities have been denying highly qualified applicants to accept minorities who are usually less qualified. These admissions processes misuse the basic principle of affirmative action. Affirmative action is a mandate that says that minorities should be given special opportunities. In 1952, when President D.W. Eisenhower was in office, he decided to let the states decide whether or not to use affirmative action (AffirmativeRead MoreAffirmative Action719 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAffirmative Action Generations of families have suffered due unequal laws or prejudices set in place to prevent minorities from growing. Slavery, segregation, separate but equal laws, the trail of tears, failing ESOL classes, unequal pay and so much more effect todays youth and causing history to change slowly if at all. Affirmative action has good intentions and is very much needed in todays world however it sometimes fails doing what it was created to do. The extra points given to theRead MoreAffirmative Action : African American And Hispanic870 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRoberto SantiagoÃ¢â¬â¢s essay Black and Latino reveals that even though he has been generally underrepresented by his ethnicity, he has led a successful life without affirmative action. Since Santiago was both African American and Hispanic he dealt with identity issues and stereotypes throughout his adolescent life. Even though affirmative action is supposed to make attempts to improve opportunities for groups that were historically excluded it is still a form of discrimination itself. The preference of
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Although Thucydides provides a history of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides spends a lot of time emphasizing the government and the citizens of Athens. Thucydides also focuses on the greatness of Pericles and his honest and patriotic leadership. Does this concentration on a democracy and moderate leader reveal what Thucydides sees as a just government? Throughout the text, one can see clues that a democracy is the preferred government of Athens, and the focus on Athens as the greater, swifter and more innovative power; he contradicts them with the passive, slow and cautious Sparta. We will write a custom essay sample on Analysis of Pericles Speeches or any similar topic only for you Order Now This text not only acts as a historical resource but also a source that provides an example for future governments on how to run a government successfully. By looking at the speeches of Pericles, the view of Thucydides comes through. It seems that Thucydides believes in a democracy and giving the common man a voice in what happens in the city. Pericles emphasizes the greatness of a democracy in his funeral oration. Through his speech Pericles emphasizes that equality to create a free and law-abiding society. I think Pericles speaks of how there is no class consideration when considering man to be able to serve the state because he wants to stress that the most honorable man is the one that serves the state, especially in a time of war. Citizens that do not participate in the duties of public matters are deemed Ã¢â¬Ëuseless. Ã¢â¬â¢ The funeral oration is not just an honoring of the patriotic men that died fighting for Athens but also a call to all the other sons, brothers and fellow citizens of the honorable fallen to live a life as honorable as them. A democracy is a form of government that gives all the ability to participate, and according to Pericles everyone has a responsibility to take part. Men must put aside their petty wants and look at what is best for the state as a whole. The state as a whole can bring a lot to the people but a single person acting on their own individual interests can do little for the state. Why are there so many of PericlesÃ¢â¬â¢ speeches in this text? Was Thucydides giving the prime example of what a leader should be? Was the emphasis on Pericles putting a characteristic of him above those of the other men and leaders throughout the war? It is clear that Thucydides found all leaders succeeding Pericles as poor leaders. In Book 2. 65, Thucydides talks of how the leaders following Pericles were striving for supremacy, and acting according to their own private ambitions and interests. By going contrary to the moderate policy Pericles emphasized, a plan including exposing themselves to no hazards and waiting quietly while keeping attentive to their marine, the war was ultimately lost by the Athenians. Were the speeches recorded to also show how powerful a leader can be? When Athens held an assembly to determine whether they would concede to the concessions of Sparta, it was the speech of Pericles that invigorated the Athenians with confidence to declare war against Sparta. When the plague hit the Athenians and they had lost momentum in the war effort and were considering sending peace envoys to Sparta, it was a speech by Pericles that was able to increase the Athenian energy to the war. A great leader has the ability to drive the weak masses to great heights when they know they are under a first-rate leader and is told of the superiority of their state; this is seen in the example of Pericles. As a reader, I feel that Athens can win the war with their advantageous sea power, lands across the sea that Sparta cannot harm. By including the speeches of Pericles in his text, Thucydides sets an example of what is a just form of government and what makes a good leader in a democracy. How to cite Analysis of Pericles Speeches, Essay examples
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
My Inspirational Awakening My Inspirational Awakening How do you describe one of your best friends? Do you talk about his natural talent? Do you say how great a guy he is? Or do you say how he is just a dork? Cody Werner, is someone who I can say a lot about, and still not even come close to describing him adequately. He is a renaissance man, an individual who possesses a distinct personality that sets him apart. Simply put, he is like no one else I have ever met. Cody keeps it real in the face of opposition, even when no one else is baking him up. He is someone who is consistently dedicated to what he believes. Cody's actions have proven this many times, and I've often found myself looking at them for inspiration. At school, his uniqueness is misinterpreted. His laid back attitude is misconceived as laziness. His unique opinions are sometimes thought of as insulting and taken personal; when in fact Cody only making observations. He sees the world like no else. I met Cody three years ago when I moved to Santa Rosa. Since then I have been inspired countless times to remain true to myself. At a time where so many people are narrow-minded and hypocritical, Cody has kept it real. I went to Lake Tahoe with him recently. It was around three a.m. and we were both hungry. We had just come from the casinos to search for some, real, non-over priced food. We drove around for about 15 minutes, but no places were open. Just as we had given up hope, we drove past a Denny's, not what we had in mind. Never the less we were hungry and willing to save a few dollars on bargain food. As we sat in our booth, Cody observed a young man sitting at the bar, no more than ten feet away from us. Cody observed this gentlemen as he ate his food and talked with a woman, who I'm guessing was his girlfriend. After a few minutes of watching this man, Cody really got in to it. What the f--k? Dude, that really pisses me off? look at this guy over here. He's sittin' there eating his chicken wings, when all that chick wants to do is get out this place so they can...but no he's just sitting there sucking on his ranch dressing and chicken wings. Dude! He just spilled some on his shirt. I'm gonna get up and hit him Dan! He's a fag?look at him Dan?just look it at him?it pisses me off! I know the couple at the bar heard us because an older guy at the far end of the bar was laughing through Cody's entire proclamation. He didn't do this to impress anyone or to harass the couple at the bar, he just stated how he felt. He was over dramatic in doing so, but that's the way he is. If you knew him you'd understand. Many people are afraid to open themselves up so much, especially in public. They're too afraid of what others might think. At the dark root of this problem is the what's cool concern. Who's cool? Who's lame? We're chillin' with the cool guys. This guy's the *censored*. That guy's a *censored*. Those pants are lame and those shoes are wack. With such a narrow minded view of what's cool you could be standing next to the best person in the world and not realize it, because they are not fitting the frame of what's cool now. Jesus Christ could be standing next to you, but you wouldn't think he was cool because he didn't have the right shoes on or something. Through Cody's actions I had realized that it was all up to me to follow my own path. He had shown me that trying to be cool is definitely not. I had a revelation, based on my own views. I realized that what's cool is what has been and always will be. Doing the right thing even when it's not popular or may not be in fashion. Be into life for the long run, not just for the fast kill. Try never to injure the spirit
Thursday, March 19, 2020
The assessment of social mobility essays Are the 35 million Americans who fall below the poverty line there because they are lazy and have let all opportunities for social advancement pass them by? Or is there currently a social structure that successfully reproduces classes and limits upward social mobility in America? Certain institutions in American society, including education, work and occupational structure and the family help perpetuate social class stratification. These institutions widen the gap between the rich and the poor by placing inherent restrictions on opportunities for those born into different classes. Although the degree of effort put forth by each individual is critically important, their relationship to the aforementioned institutions can severely limit upward social mobility. The current educational system creates a unique contradiction. While traditionally the best way to climb the ladders of society, American schools are now reproducing social classes. Those children born into poor families and neighborhoods usually begin their school career at a steep disadvantage. Public schools that are run down and lack sufficient funding or other key resources like good teachers are endemic to these lower income areas. The idea of class reproduction, or the correspondence principle, is obviously present in education. As mentioned above, differences between schools and school districts exist. In his article on the inequalities of public education in New York, Kozol describes an elementary school in North Bronx where 63 children share an average sized classroom. The room has no windows, for the building used to be a roller-skating rink. Consisting of 90% black and Hispanics, the student body of 1,300 has only 26 computers. (Kozol, 95) On the other hand, educational standards in upper-middle class communities are far superior. Here in Grand Blanc, Michigan an average second grade class would have one teacher for under thirty students and more than one computer i...
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Habits and Traits of Mites and Ticks Not much love is lost on the mites and ticks of this world. Most people know little about them, other than the fact that some transmit diseases. The order name, Acari, derives from the Greek word Akari, meaning a small thing. They may be small, but mites and ticks have a big impact on our world. Characteristics Many mites and ticks are ectoparasites of other organisms, while some prey on other arthropods. Still, others feed on plants or decomposed organic matter like leaf litter. There are even gall-making mites. Take just a scoop of forest soil and examine it under a microscope, and you may find several hundred species of mites. Some are vectors of bacteria or other disease-causing organisms, making them a significant public health concern. Members of the order Acari are diverse, abundant, and sometimes economically important, though we know relatively little about them. Most mites and ticks have oval-shaped bodies, with two body regions (prosoma and opisthosoma) that may appear fused together. The Acari are indeed small, many measuring a mere millimeter long, even as adults. Ticks and mites go through four life cycle stages: egg, larva, nymph, and adult. Like all arachnids, they have 8 legs at maturity, but in the larval stage, most have just 6 legs. These tiny organisms often disperse by hitching rides on other, more mobile animals, a behavior known as phoresy. Habitat and Distribution Mites and ticks live just about everywhere on Earth, in both terrestrial and aquatic habitats. They live virtually everywhere that other animals live, including in nests and burrows, and are abundant in soil and leaf litter. Though over 48,000 species of mites and ticks have been described, the actual number of species in the order Acari may be many times that. Well over 5,000 species inhabit the U.S. and Canada alone. Groups and Suborders The order Acari is somewhat unusual, in that it is subdivided first into groups, and then again into suborders. Group Opilioacariformes - These mites look somewhat like small harvestmen in form, with long legs and leathery bodies. They live under debris or rocks and may be predaceous or omnivorous feeders. Group Parasitiformes - These are medium to large mites that lack abdominal segmentation. They breathe by virtue of paired ventrolateral spiracles. Most members of this group are parasitic. Suborders of the Parasitiformes:Suborder HolothryinaSuborder MesostigmataSuborder Ixodida - Ticks Group Acariformes - These small mites also lack abdominal segmentation. When spiracles are present, theyre located near the mouthparts. Suborders of the Acariformes:Suborder ProstigmataSuborder AstigmataSuborder Oribatida Sources Borror and DeLongs Introduction to the Study of Insects, 7th edition, by Charles A. Triplehorn and Norman F. Johnson.NWF Field Guide to Insects and Spiders of North America, by Arthur V. EvansLatin American Insects and Entomology, by Charles Leonard HogueIntroduction to the Acari, University of California Museum of Paleontology. Accessed February 26, 2013.Arachnida: Acari, class handouts from University of Minnesota Entomology Department. Accessed online February 26, 2013.Soil Arthropods, National Resources Conservation Service. Accessed February 26, 2013.
Sunday, February 16, 2020
In recent years, honeybee colonies have been experiencing Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). Given the key role of honeybees - Essay Example The honey bees that leave for the forage largely do not return back to their hives and this is especially witnessed to a large extent with migratory bees which are trucked from one country to another for pollination purposes. Scientists have begun to unravel the causes behind this phenomenon as it is a major source of income for the beekeepers and also the farmers depend on it for crop production (Johnson, 2010). In the earlier times a 10 percent loss in honey bee population in a season was considered to be normal, which then rose to 30 percent due to infection by parasitic mites and beginning from 2006 many commercial beekeepers have reported a loss of 30 to 90 percent average colony loss with the onset of CDD. Even the surviving colonies showed weak viability. Though a majority of the losses have been attributed to known causes about 25% of the loss is estimated to have occurred due to CCD. These losses of colonies occur throughout the year and are not seasonal. The major symptoms of this condition are the rapid loss of adult bee workers without any accumulation of dead bees in the hive which is an indication that these bees are not retuning back to the hive that is highly unusual in case of the bee population. These adult bees leave behind their brood which is generally inactive. In addition, there is also the presence of food stores that includes both honey and bee bread. The queen bee is generally present and actively laying eggs (Johnson, 2010; Colony Collapse Disorder, n.d). In case of actively collapsing bee colonies, only an insufficient workforce of young adult bees will be present and though the queen is present the population does not show an inclination to consume food (Colony Collapse Disorder, n.d). Research carried out to determine the causative factors for this condition has found out that CCD could be a syndrome which is not caused by any one particular factor but a combination of several factors (multifactorial). Some of the major possible fa ctors that threaten the bee population are viruses, parasites and microbes, pesticides, antibiotics, miticides, radiations, genetically modified crops and climatic and other environmental changes (Johnson, 2010; Colony Collapse Disorder, n.d). The USDAÃ¢â¬â¢s Agriculture Research Service, the Pennsylvania State University and several other universities are conducting most of the current research to unravel the cause of this phenomenon (Johnson, 2010). A recent study carried out by the Washington State University has shown that CCD could be caused due to a combination of toxic chemicals and pathogens present in honeycombs as the bees present in such combs had reduced longevity (Gutierrez, 2010). Of these, chronic exposures to pesticides, miticides and antibiotics have been shown to have an impact on the immune system of the honey bees and hence on their response to infection. In addition, bees have a reduced number of genes which offer resistance to various diseases and toxins thus making the bee population more vulnerable to such problems (Colony Collapse Disorder, n.d). These toxic chemicals are believed to cause the colony to collapse either by themselves or by combining with each other, which would result in increased toxicity to the hive. In addition scientists are also studying the combinatory effects